Buying Guides

Choosing Your First Underwater Camera

Whether you have been diving for a while now, or just starting out fresh after finishing your open water course, you’re probably starting to think “I need a camera!! Otherwise nobody will believe me that I saw that 10ft shark right next to me!”. So we created this guide to help you make the decision on your very first Underwater Camera!

The first thing you need to ask yourself is:

How Good Are My Diving Skills?

In the beginning, diving is hard enough as it is. Keeping yourself in a fairly neutral horizontal position, keeping distance from corals and sea urchins, minding your air, noticing your dive buddy and more… That’s already plenty to handle. If you add a camera to that equation too early, something has to give and you might be risking yourself, others or the delicate marine life around you.

  • If you have just finished your Open Water, and only have 5-10 dives, practice a bit more before taking a camera with you. Trust me on that one…
  • If you already have 20-50 dives, you might consider a simple Action Cam which won’t require changing many settings underwater.
  • For those of you with 50+ dives, who are feeling fairly confident with your buoyancy skills, you can consider a Compact Camera, maybe one strobe or video light.
  • I wouldn’t consider a DSLR or Mirrorless before 80-100 dives and mastering your buoyancy skills.

That being said, these numbers are quite arbitrary and each has his own personal learning curve, but try not to over-estimate your diving skills. Even if you have no trouble in pool-like conditions and perfect visibility, you might find it harder when currents are involved, poor visibility, gear malfunctions and other unexpected things which may occur underwater.

So what are my options?

Action Cams

Action cams are small, simple cameras, designed to withstand various conditions including wet environments, capturing a wide angle of view with pretty decent quality. They usually have very few buttons and controls, for ease of use while performing an extreme or less than extreme (diving 🙂 ) activity.

These cameras are mostly recommended for videos since focus is infinite, resolution is great (Full 1080 HD to 4K) and you can turn them on and forget about them.

Shooting stills is possible, but with a few limitations:

1. You can’t zoom in. All of your shots are extra-wide fisheye shots and your subject might look a bit small in the frame.

2. You can’t connect an external flash unit, since you have no way of triggering it.

3. Low light will most likely cause a blurry photo.

4. You can’t control focus. It’s basically infinite.

Keeping these limitations in mind will help you avoid bad photos when using an action cam.

Action Cams are great for beginner divers since they are very simple to use, and can even be mounted on your mask / BCD / Tank for handsfree shooting. They are awesome for creating souvenirs, sharing with your friends and documenting cool marine life that you saw. However, keep in mind that you probably won’t be able to produce contest winning imagery with these…

Update Recommended Cameras – October 27th, 2016 

Some examples for Action Cams:

 

Sealife Micro 2.0 | US$549 (64GB) / US$499 (32GB)

 

Read our review on the previous version – Sealife Micro HD

Intova X2 | US$349.99

Read our review on the previous model – Intova Edge X

Compact Cameras

Compact cameras are currently the most widespread choice for underwater photography. The latest technological advancements for the past few years have shot the compact quality to the sky. Small cameras which can fit in your pocket such as the Canon G7X, G7X Mark II, Sony RX100 IV and Panasonic LX100 can produce outstanding imagery while keeping the housings small and the complete package very travel friendly.

This is probably the best choice for most divers looking to enter the world of underwater photography, thanks to their versatility. You can use them on complete Auto Mode or even UW Mode if they support that, getting pretty decent shots without putting too much thought into it. With the same cameras, you can switch to Manual mode, shoot RAW, add strobes, video lights and wet lenses, producing contest quality shots and high quality videos.

Compact bundles, including camera and housing, start from about $700 and can reach up to $1800 with a high-end Nauticam or Sea & Sea housing. They are compatible with a huge array of add-ons and accessories, such as macro lenses, wide angle lenses, filters, video lights and strobes mounted on many types of arms and trays. Each add-on opening a whole new world of imagery and creative options. This is really a system you can grow with.

Once you have purchased your new underwater compact camera, use our Beginner’s Guide to UW Photography to shorten your learning curve and learn from our mistakes 🙂

Some examples for compact bundles:

FRX100 IV Fantasea bundle | US$1,449.95

Read our review on the very similar FRX100 III bundle

Canon G7X Mark II Fantasea Complete Bundle | US$2599

Read our review on the FG7X Bundle (previous model)

Olympus Tough TG4 Bundle | US$680

Nauticam LX100 Housing | US$1200

Check out this System Suggestion for the LX100

DSLR and Mirrorless Cameras

These are the big guns. The SERIOUS cameras for people who dare call themselves Underwater Photographers.

DSLR Cameras, also known as interchangeable lens cameras, which have lately been reduced in size to become Mirrorless Cameras, are capable of producing the best quality photos and videos in the industry. High quality optics, advanced settings and large sensors help the photographer achieve top quality both above and of course under the water.

Since these cameras are naturally bigger, the housings which accommodate them tend to be bulkier, pricey, and not suitable for everyone. When taking an interchangeable lens camera underwater, you will need to deal with interchangeable ports, extensions and gears, making the process more complicated and more prone to human error and leakage. The advanced settings allow more things to be changed underwater, which requires good diving skills to focus on camera operation without endangering yourself and others.

Oops, hope I didn’t scare you off there 😉

The great things about them of course, is that you will be able to produce amazing images and videos, tack sharp macro shots and colorful vivid wide angle shots, as well as production quality videos. As a bonus, you will also be the envy of all the divers around you, which is always great.

When choosing such a system, it’s usually best to choose the housing first, and only then the camera body and lenses, since the housing is usually the larger investment in such a purchase.

Mirrorless systems usually lower the cost a bit, since the housings are smaller and less expensive, but other than that it’s very similar to DSLR systems.

You can read more about getting your first UW DSLR here.

If you currently own a DSLR and just want to use it underwater, while still minding your budget, check out this post about Affordable DSLR Housing Options.

Examples for DSLR and Mirrorless systems:

Olympus E-M5 Mark II Bundle | US$2399

Read our review on the E-M5 II Bundle

Aquatica D7200 Housing | US$2995

Ikelite 5DM3 / 5DS / 5DS R Housing | US$1799.95

Dedicated Video Cameras

If you are oriented towards video, with the intention of concentrating only on that type of photography underwater, you may consider a dedicated camcorder or video camera with a video housing.

These housings are usually elongated to accommodate the shape of video cameras and they are divided into mechanical or electronic housings. Mechanical housings use the same principles as the above housings we mentioned, using levers and buttons to press on the camera’s controls. Electronic housings connect to the camera itself via hard wire, and transfer all controls to an external control panel on the housing, which is many times relocated to the tips of your fingers, so that everything is easily within reach.

Some of these housings feature interchangeable ports and some have fixed ports.

Many of the relevant camcorder models can be fitted with a Mangrove housing which is an excellent option for dedicated video shooting underwater.

Mangrove Housing for Sony HXR-FS100 | US$3652.10

 

If you’re still having a hard time choosing which camera to buy, consult with the rest of our Buying Guides, or simply contact our agents via the online chat and we will help you out!


Ran Mor
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Ran Mor

Sales and Marketing at Mozaik Underwater Cameras
Ran is a professional photographer for over 14 years. His passion for scuba diving and photography has pushed him to combine his profession and hobby and become a professional underwater photographer. Teaching is one of his greatest passions and over the years he has shared his experience with many divers and aspiring photographers. Along with his wife Danielle, an experienced Scuba Instructor, they have founded Aqua Spirit Dive Expeditions, leading dive trips and UW photo workshops all over the world. Ran is also an electrical engineer and an avid internet marketing specialist.
Visit his personal portfolio at www.ranmorphoto.com.
Ran Mor
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